List of events that happened during the first 11 years after migration to Madinah:
1st year of Hijarah = Migration to Madinah
2nd year of Hijarah = Month of Ramadan was ordained and Battle of Badr took place
3rd year of Hijarah = Battle of Uhud took place
4th year of Hijarah =
5th year of Hijarah = Ahzab
6th year of Hijarah = Hudaiybah
7th year of Hijarah = Abyssinians, the Arabs, Abu Huhariah came back. Prophet
Muhammad (sallahu alaihyi wa salaam) attempted to make Umraah.
Khalid ibn Waleed became Muslim.
8th year of Hijarah = The Quraish broke the treaty
9th year of Hijrarh = Year of Delegations
10th year of Hijarh = Hajj at-Wada
11th year of Hijrah = Prophet Muhammad (sallahu alaihyi wa salaam) died.
Surah Al-Hujuraat contains aklaaq and adaab
- Aklaaq is the plural form of khuluq
- Khuluq refers to conduct, moral values, character, pattern of behaviors
- Aklaaq is something natural, you are born with it, acquired through concession (tarbiyyah) or habit.
- Adaab is fine etiquettes (always positive)
- You either have a bad or good khuluq
- Examples of aklaaq: haa’yah, modesty, honesty, integrity, sabr, love, devotion, loyalty, and courage
- Examples of adaab: showing respect to elders, how you converse with others
- Khuluq is the foundation of adaab.
- It was reported in a Saheeh Hadith that he told a man who was eating with his left hand in his presence, “Eat with your right hand!” The man said, “I cannot.” He said, “May you never be able to!” – and the man never lifted his right hand to his mouth after that. Narrated by Muslim. It was the man’s stubborn arrogance that made him refuse to obey the command, and this utmost disobedience which deserved this prayer against him.
- To have proper adaab, we need to fix our aklaaq.
- This Surah puts emphasis on aklaaq!!
- By product of a sound system, a proper belief system (Aqeedah)
- Aklaaq is usually emphasized in Aqeedah courses
- The Shahaabah learned proper etiquettes through the actions of Prophet Muhammad (sallahu alaihyi wa salaam). If not actions, then words which was given by Allah (swt).
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
|By, in, with||بِسْمِ|
|Most Merciful, Most Gracious||الرَّحْمنِ|
Should always say ‘Bismillah’ if you hurt yourself.
Ar-Rahman and Ar-Rahim are one of the name of Allah. Ar-Rahman has more emphasis, is stronger in meaning.
Opinions of whether Bismillah is part of the Surah or not:
- Considered as an independent verse that was revealed by itself. Used in every Surah, except Surah Tawbah.
- In these two narrations both Allah and his Prophet (sallahu alaihyi wa salaam) began Surah Al-Fatiha with the phrase, “Al-Hamudulillaahi…” completed deleting the Bismillah and clearly indicating that “Al-Hamdu…” is the first verse of the Surah and not the Bismillah
- On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (radi allahu anhu) from the Prophet (sallahu alaihyi wa salaam), who said that Allah said: I have divided prayer between Myself and My servant into two halves, and My servant shall have what he has asked for. When the servant says: Al-hamdu lillahi rabbi l-alamin (3), Allah (mighty and sublime be He) says: My servant has praised Me. And when he says: Ar-rahmani r-rahim (4), Allah (mighty and sublime be He) says: My servant has extolled Me, and when he says: Maliki yawmi d-din (5), Allah says: My servant has glorified Me - and on one occasion He said: My servant has submitted to My power. And when he says: Iyyaka na budu wa iyyaka nasta in (6), He says: This is between Me and My servant, and My servant shall have what he has asked for. And when he says: Ihdina s-sirata l- mustaqim, siratal ladhina an amta alayhim ghayril-maghdubi alayhim wa la d-dallin (7), He says: This is for My servant, and My servant shall have what he has asked for.
- Majority of the scholars agree that Bimillah is an independent verse and not part of Surah Al-Fatiha.
- It is part of the Surah
- Only part of it or the first verse of Surah Al-Fatiha
- Makkan and Qufa à Its part of Surah Al-Fatiha and other surahs
- Madinah, Basra, and Shams à Did not consider it as part of the Surah
- Not a verse that belongs in the Surah, only used to stop or break the next surah
If verbal and action contradicts with what Prophet Muhammad (sallahu alaihyi wa salaam), the verbal statement takes precedent…actions could have been explained for differing reasons.
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تُقَدِّمُوا بَيْنَ يَدَيِ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ
O believers! Put not yourselves forward before Allah and His Messenger; but fear Allah: for Allah is He Who hears and knows all things.
|Between the two ends/Before Allah and his Messenger (saw) presence||بَيْنَ يَدَيِ|
The most repeated phrase in the Qur’an is “Ya ayyul aldina amanu” = “O Believers.” Anytime this phrase is read we must pay great attention and listen to it carefully for it is Allah calling upon the Muslims. What follows afterwards is either a commandment that Allah is commanding the Muslims to fulfill, or a prohibition for the Muslims to stay away from.
Aladhi à those, it connects to the next word, added for emphasis
The call went to the Shahaabah.
If ‘la’ comes after ‘Ya ayyul aladina amaanu’ à it is considered Probation
- Means no, not, nay, etc…
- Two types
- Nafi’a à probation and negation à negating does not exist
- Nadi’a à probation and negation à negation that does exist
Allah (swt) is warning the Shahaabah about something present and in the future.
Tu qadi mu = to precede, to arrive, to come, to get, to reach, to offer, to bring before, sending forward, presenting, advance